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epicardial adipose tissue definition science


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Thickness of epicardial and pericoronary adipose tissue ...- epicardial adipose tissue definition science ,2021-4-15 · Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) exhibits morphological sim-ilarities with pericardial adipose tissue; however, it has different embryological origin and vascularization [ 9, 10]. EAT is a met-abolically active organ and a maj or source of anti-inflammatory and proinflammatory adipokines, which have significant impact on cardiac function and ...Epicardial adipose tissue: an emerging biomarker of ...Patients with T2D have high levels of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT). EAT is known to secrete inflammatory factors, lipid metabolites, and has been proposed to apply mechanical stress on the cardiac muscle that may accelerate atherosclerosis, cardiac remodeling, and heart failure. High levels of EAT in patients with T2D have been associated ...



Thickness of epicardial and pericoronary adipose tissue ...

2021-4-15 · Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) exhibits morphological sim-ilarities with pericardial adipose tissue; however, it has different embryological origin and vascularization [ 9, 10]. EAT is a met-abolically active organ and a maj or source of anti-inflammatory and proinflammatory adipokines, which have significant impact on cardiac function and ...

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Volumetric Assessment of Epicardial Adipose Tissue With ...

The epicardial adipose tissue is the visceral fat deposited around the heart between the pericardium and the myocardium. This small, visceral fat depot is now recognized as a rich source of free fatty acids and a number of bioactive molecules, such as adiponectin, resistin, and inflammatory cytokines, which might significantly affect cardiac ...

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Epicardial adipose tissue deposition in patients with ...

2020-2-1 · Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a biologically active organ with properties similar to visceral adipose tissue[8,9]. EAT is defined as the adipose tissue located between the visceral pericardium and the myocardium, in the absence of a structure separating it from the myocardium and the epicardial vessels.

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Epicardial adipose tissue, inflammatory biomarkers and ...

2020-11-20 · Background & aims: Adipose tissue is a biologically active organ with pro-immunogenic properties. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) in COVID-19 and its correlation with other inflammatory biomarkers. Material and methods: One-hundred patients with COVID-19 were enrolled. C-reactive protein (CRP ...

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Clinical importance of epicardial adipose tissue

2016-10-26 · In the last couple of years special attention has been paid to the epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), which can be quantified by non-invasive cardiac imaging techniques. The epicardial fat is a unique fat compartment between the myocardium and the visceral pericardium sharing a common embryologic origin with the visceral fat depot.

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The Association between Epicardial Adipose Tissue and ...

2014-12-7 · (Epicardial Adipose Tissue) is defined as adipose tissue situated within the pericardium. EAT originates from the splanchnopleuric mesoderma (such as the mesenteric and omental fat deposit), and its blood supply is provided from coronary arteries. EAT is of more interest than paracardial adipose tissue because of its close

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Epicardial adipose tissue: good or bad for cardiac ...

2018-7-12 · EAT is a visceral adipose tissue surrounding the heart and coronary arteries. By secreting pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, it is thought to influence the development of coronary atherosclerosis [2,3,4,5].In our recently published study [], we found that EAT thickness has a positive correlation with slow coronary flow in patients who …

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The role of epicardial adipose tissue in cardiac biology ...

2017-11-1 · include peri-aortic adipose tissue). Epicardial adipose tissue: the adipose tissue adjacent to the epicardium surrounding the heart, located inside the pericardial sac. Paracardial adipose tissue: a term that has been used to refer to adipose tissue close to the heart. Should be abandoned since it has a less clear meaning. Figure 1.

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epicardial adipose tissue and the coronary arteries ...

Abstract. The adipose tissue (AT) is an endocrine organ that produces adipocytokines (adipokines), able to influence metabolic homeostasis. In the conventional classification, there are two large AT depots, characterized by different paracrine activities: the subcutaneous AT, which would mostly produce cytokines with protective properties against cardiovascular disease; and …

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Thickness of epicardial and pericoronary adipose tissue ...

2021-4-15 · Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) exhibits morphological sim-ilarities with pericardial adipose tissue; however, it has different embryological origin and vascularization [ 9, 10]. EAT is a met-abolically active organ and a maj or source of anti-inflammatory and proinflammatory adipokines, which have significant impact on cardiac function and ...

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Browning Epicardial Adipose Tissue: Friend or Foe?

2022-3-14 · The epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is the visceral fat depot of the heart which is highly plastic and in direct contact with myocardium and coronary arteries. Because of its singular proximity with the myocardium, the adipokines and pro-inflammatory molecules secreted by this tissue may directly affect the metabolism of the heart and coronary arteries.

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Browning Epicardial Adipose Tissue: Friend or Foe?

The epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is the visceral fat depot of the heart which is highly plastic and in direct contact with myocardium and coronary arteries. Because of its singular proximity with the myocardium, the adipokines and pro-inflammatory molecules secreted by this tissue may directly affect the metabolism of the heart and coronary arteries.

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Epicardial adipose tissue affects the efficacy of left ...

2020-5-16 · 1 INTRODUCTION. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a metabolically active tissue located between the visceral pericardium and the epicardium, known as a risk factor for various cardiovascular diseases, 1 particularly atrial fibrillation (AF), to which EAT is closely related. EAT volume is related to both new‐onset AF 2, 3 and AF recurrence after catheter ablation 4, 5 or …

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Epicardial Adipose Tissue: Clinical Biomarker of Cardio ...

2019-11-28 · 1. Epicardial Adipose Tissue. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), also referred to as epicardial fat, is the true visceral adipose tissue (VAT) of the heart. EAT is located between the myocardium and the visceral pericardium and it is commonly found in the atrioventricular and interventricular grooves of the adult human heart [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9].

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What is epicardial adipose tissue (EAT)? - CardioVisual ...

2020-7-10 · A 2014 study defines EAT as a “fat depot that exists on the surface of the myocardium and is contained entirely beneath the pericardium, thus surrounding and in direct contact with the major coronary arteries and their branches.” Due to improvements in imaging technologies, we can accurately quantify and measure EAT. This biologically active organ …

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Epicardial Adipose Tissue Accumulation Confers Atrial ...

2020-9-8 · Background. Clinical studies have reported that epicardial adipose tissue (EpAT) accumulation associates with the progression of atrial fibrillation (AF) pathology and adversely affects AF management. The role of local cardiac EpAT deposition in disease progression is unclear, and the electrophysiological, cellular, and molecular mechanisms ...

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Automated quantification of epicardial adipose tissue ...

• Manual epicardial fat volume quantification correlates with risk factors but is time-consuming. • The novel software prototype automates measurement of epicardial fat volume with good accuracy. • This novel approach is less time-consuming and …

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What is epicardial adipose tissue (EAT)? - CardioVisual ...

2020-7-10 · A 2014 study defines EAT as a “fat depot that exists on the surface of the myocardium and is contained entirely beneath the pericardium, thus surrounding and in direct contact with the major coronary arteries and their branches.” Due to improvements in imaging technologies, we can accurately quantify and measure EAT. This biologically active organ …

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Human epicardial adipose tissue: A review - ScienceDirect

2007-6-1 · Obesity is an independent risk factor for CVD. 63 Epicardial adipose tissue thickness, determined by ECHO over the free wall of the RV, correlates with VAT (a CVD risk factor per se), other correlates of CVD such as waist circumference, diastolic blood pressure, plasma insulin, fasting plasma glucose, high-density-lipropotein-cholesterol, low ...

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Proteomics of epicardial adipose tissue in patients with ...

2019-10-31 · Epicardial adipose tissue is a metabolically active visceral fat depot located in atrioventricular and interventricular grooves. 12 Under physiological conditions, EAT can serve as a buffer, absorbing fatty acids as a lipid storage depot and as brown fat, defending the myocardium against load pressure. 6 But in pathological conditions, EAT may ...

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Sci-Hub | Epicardial Adipose Tissue feeding and ...

2022-3-6 · Iacobellis, G., & Barbaro, G. (2018). Epicardial Adipose Tissue feeding and overfeeding the Heart. Nutrition. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2018.07.002

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Browning Epicardial Adipose Tissue: Friend or Foe?

2022-3-14 · The epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is the visceral fat depot of the heart which is highly plastic and in direct contact with myocardium and coronary arteries. Because of its singular proximity with the myocardium, the adipokines and pro-inflammatory molecules secreted by this tissue may directly affect the metabolism of the heart and coronary arteries.

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(PDF) Epicardial Adipose Tissue - ResearchGate

Mustafa Gür. Betul Ozaltun. Murat Cayl. Objectives: Epicardial adipose tissue is related to coronary atherosclerosis, left ventricle hypertrophy, myocardial dysfunction, cardiomyopathy, and ...

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Epicardial Adipose Tissue: The Genetics Behind an …

2021-7-3 · Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) or epicardial fat, is often referred in the literature as a form of visceral fat located between the myocardial surface and the visceral layer of the pericardium, sharing a common embryologic origin with visceral fat deposits. 1 It should not be confused with pericardial fat, as they share different embryologic sources, blood supply, and …

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